Brihadeshwara Temple is the world’s first granite temple built by Rajaraja Chola I in Thanjavur, Tamilnadu. The most ancient and most celebrated temple built in the form of Dravidian style architecture. Temple. It was constructed in 1010 AD and this ancient thousand year world temple is marked as the "World Heritage Site".
History of the Thanjavur Brihadeshwara Temple
Tamil emperor Rajaraja Chola I laid the temple foundation in 1002 CE. All the important ceremonies were conducted by the Cholas in this temple. This is a temple of the Lord Shiva worshipped in the form of Lingam. The temple is considered as the representative of the Tamil civilisation and also reminds us about the Cholas achievements in architecture and painting.
About the Thanjavur Brihadeshwara Temple
Lord Shiva is in the form of a huge lingam and this is set in a two-storeyed sanctum. The temple has got a big nandi carved in a single stone which is considered as one of the biggest nandi in the world. The nandi statue measures 6.0 metre in length and weighs 25 tons. Other features are a big spacious ground, number of pillared halls and 250 Shiva lingams. The temple 'vimana' is 64 metres high. The temple has also got many rich carvings and sculptures portraying the architectural achievements of the Cholas. One should definitely have a visit to this historical temple.
Sub Shrines Within The Thanjavur Brihadeshwara Temple
The various shrines within the temple include:
Shrine of Lord Muruga
Shrine of Goddess Brihannayagi,
Shrine of Lord Chandeeswara
Shrine of Lord Vinayaga
Shrine of Lord Dakshinamurti
The temple is kept open from 5:30 to 12:00 in the morning and from 4:00 to 8:00 in the evening.
Other Attractions near the Brihadeshwara Temple
• Shore Temple
• Pancha Pandava Rathas
• Krishna Mandapa
• Varaha Cave
• Krishna's Butterball
How to reach the Thanjavur Brihadeshwara Temple
Thanjavur is well-connected to all the major cities in Tamilnadu. It can be reached easily by all the 3 forms, namely road, rail and air. Frequent public buses are run by the State Government from Trichy, Kanchipuram, Chennai, Kumbakonam, Pudukkottai, Pattukkottai, Tootukudi, Tirunelveli, Karur, Nagapattinam, Coimbatore, Madurai, etc. Indian Railways run Rail services not only within Tamilnadu but also across India. The railway station is named as the Tanjore Junction. One can also reach via plane from the Trichy airport, located 65 km away.
Accomodation Facilities near Thanjavur Brihadeshwara Temple
Hotel Oriental Towers
2889, Srinivasam Pillai Road Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu 613001 India.
56, 4th Street Abhiramapuram Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu India