Krishnagiri in brief
Krishnagiri is established in the acute south of Tamil Nadu. The district is popular for the production of "Mangoes" whole over the country. In 2004,Krishnagiri is formed as the 30th new district of state Tamilnadu. There are about twelve forts in this region and are acknowledged as Bara Mahal. These forts acts as the protectors of state Tamilnadu as it protect the state on southern edge. The average elevation of Krishnagiri from the sea level is about 300 to 1400 m. The people of this region mostly communicate with each other in Tamil, Kannada and Telugu. The area is enveloped with mountains, valleys, sea cliffs. Number of tourists comes here to enjoy the calmness in the atmosphere, to take pleasure of the chillness present in the climate. Because of this chillness, this place is referred as "Little England". Krishnagiri is enveloped by Vellore and Thiruvannamalai districts in the East, Karnataka in the west, Andhra Pradesh in the North, and Dharmapuri District in the south
Origin of word Krishnagiri
The word "Krishnagiri" comprises of two words "Krishna" and "Giri". In which "Krishna" pass on to 'black' and the 'Giri' pass on to 'hills'. Thereby the whole word Krishnagiri stands for Black Hill. This region of state Tamilnadu is full of black granite hillocks. Krishnagiri is named after Krishna Deva Raya who is the ruler of the district long ago.
History of Krishnagiri
Krishnagiri have archaic significances. Prior to 2004, this region was a division of Dharmapuri district. Because of growing population, increasing standard of education, economy Krishnagiri is established as a new district of state Tanmilnadu. Thiru. Mangat Ram Sharma is appointed as the First Collector of Krishnagiri. Archeological avidences proved the existence of locale of human for the period of Paleolithic, Neolithic and Mesolithic times. The central regions of 'Krishnagiri district, "Hosur" and "Uthangarai" are acknowledged as "Eyil Nadu" and 'Kowoor Nadu' correspondingly. In the period of Chola empire, Krishnagiriis referred as 'Nigarili Chola Mandlam' and 'Vidhugadhazhagi Nallur'.
Krishnagiri is too acknowledged as Adhiyaman nadu as ruled by Adhiyaman king. As per sources, this region was lined by Pallavas, Gangas, Nulambas, Cholas, Hoysalas, Vijaya Nagar kings, Bijapur Sultans. Krishnagiri acts as entrance of Tamil Nadu. Krishnagiri is the land of soldiers as a number of people lost their lives in the World War and in the nation freedom struggle.
Geography and weather of Krishnagiri
Krishnagiri is established in an area of 5143 km². The region is bordered by Vellore and Thiruvannamalai regions to the east, Karnataka to the west, Andhra Pradesh to the North and Dharmapuri to the south. The district is established amid 11° 12' N and 12° 49' N latitude, 77° 27' E to 78° 38' E longitude.
It basically has a hilly range. The fields are watered by the Pennar River. The eastern region of Krishnagiri suffers from high temperature and western region has a calm temperature. The approximate rainfall in this region is 830 mm every year. As per the population counting of year 2011, Krishnagiri has the population strength of 1,883,731. The residents density of Krishnagiri is 370 people per square kilometer.
Cutback of Krishnagiri
Krishnagiri is known for the production of Mangoes. Even the industries engaged in the work with Granite are also well established in the region. Hosur is the place which is well established in terms of industries. These industries are the main source of employment for the populace. Material produced in these industries are exported whole over the country. Thus, one can say that Krishnagiri plays a great role in the development of economic system of Tamilnadu. In terms of agricultural department, the region is a great producer of Paddy, Ragi, Sugarcane, Maize, Groundnut, Tamarind, Cotton. About 40% of the Ragi is produced in Krishnagiri in comparison with Tamilnadu. The Agricultural Research Centre of Tamilnadu is helping the populace to adopt the new techniques of nurturing.
Places to visit in Krishnagiri
There are number of places to visit in Krishnagiri. Number of people visit this district every year to enjoy the beauty of nature through the hills present in the region and through the sea shore.If you are eager to visit this place then let me tell you the best time to visit in which you can enjoy a lot. The best time to visit Krishnagiri is in the month of November and March. Famous places to visit are discussed as below. For more information kindly read the article as below:
Thali/ Little Englland,Krishnagiri
Thali is most visited place in this region and is located at a distance of 25 Kms from Hosur. Thali is mainly referred as little England and envelope Tamil Nadu from Karnataka. The place is acknowledged as little England because it is enveloped with valleys and sea cliffs and thereby the climate is as cold as England . The place is enjoyable and is cold throughout the year. It is one of the most scenic place to visit in the district. The best time to visit Thali is in the season of Summer as it provides you a chilled and a pleasant atmosphere. Number of people from different places used to come here in the month of May as car festival is organised in this place every year.
Rajaji Memorial house
Government of Tamilnadu established a memorial house in the memory of Rajaji. Rajaji was a respectful leader. Some of his belongings are there in the house and is a great attraction for the visitors. This memorial house is situated 10km from Hosur.
Arulmigu Maragathambigai Chandra Choodeswara Temple
Arulmigu temple is the most visited pilgrimage centre in Krishnagiri, Tamilnadu.It is situated near Hosur. Number of people visit this pilgrimage centre and most of them are from nearby states like Karnataka. Arulmigu is situated on a small hill. The Tourism Department of Tamilnadu had setup a park for the enjoyment of children. The tourism department of Tamilnadu had established a guest house for the tourists. So if you want to rest there you can.
Kelevarapalli reservoir is one of the water reservoir of Tamilnadu. This dam is created in 1995 AD. It is well constructed at a distance of 9km from Hosur. Number of people from Tamilnadu and from nearby states comes here for enjoyment. This dam is established in the area of 50 acre. Number of gardens are there which are established by Tourism department for the enjoyment of children. Thereby one can say that now it has become a spectacular place to visit because of the presence of parks situated next to it. It is situated at a distance of 50km from Banglore. If you want to reach to this place then you can easily head forward through Jolarpettai Junction Railway Station.
Population figures of Krishnagiri
According to the population counting of 2011,the total population of the district is about 18,83,731. Out of which 9,63,152 are males and 9,20,579 are females. About 14,55,182 people lives in urban area and 4,28,548 number of people used to live in rural area. The population density of Krishnagiri is 370 people per sq.km. Average literacy rate in the region is about 72.41%. The average literacy rate of men in the region is about 79.65% and 64.86% is of women.
Natural resources and flora and fauna of Krishnagiri
Krishnagiri is the district of Tamilnadu covering an area of 5143km2 out of which 2,024 Sq. Kms area is covered by forests. There are mountain ranges in this region too and are acknowledges by the name of Melagiri. The most common forests in the district are Tropical, Deciduous forests, thorny shrubs and bamboo forest. Main uncultured amimals in the region are Elephants, Sambar, Deer, Gaur, Panther. Krishnagiri is a spectacular place for nature lovers. Number of birds resides in this region. Lakes of this place attract some of the birds such as Teals, Storks.Because of these natural resources, Krishnagiri establishes a number of factories and thereby number of people of the district and of the nearby places are employed. Thus, we can say that these resources are providing not only jobs to poors but also raising the economic standard by earning revenue as the products are exported outside the country too.
How to reach Krishnagiri, Tamilnadu
It is quite easy to reach Krishnagiri as the district is well connected to rest of the world through rail, road and air link. If you want to head toward the region, you can easily reach there. Here is the information which will help you to know that How to reach towards the area. For more information, kindly read the article as below:
How to reach Krishnagiri by air: It is quite easy to reach Krishnagiri through air link as the district is well connected to nearby states through air route. The nearest airports from Krishnagiri are Bengaluru International Airport (BLR) which is about 100km by air from the distict, Tirupati Airport (TIR) about 195km from the region, Tiruchirappalli Airport 206km by air, Chennai International Airport 226km by air. From these airports, you can head toward the district by the mean of taxis which are available outside the airports.
How to reach Krishnagiri by road: There are number of buses connecting Krishnagiri to many cities like Chennai, Banglore etc. Buses routing from Hosur to Chennai, stops at Krishnagiri as it is one of the station between these two stations. Government of Tamilnadu provided the facility of government buses to reach Krishnagiri, the charge of these buses are lower than the private ones but are not so comfortable. Byroad link, Chennai is 256km which will take about 4-5 hours to reach. If you want to head toward the district from Banglore then it is 93kmsfrom there.
How to reach Krishnagiri from Rail: It is quite easy to reach Krishnagiri rather the district is not having its own railway station. The nearby railway station from the district arein Hosur and Jolarpet. Rails from Chennai, Ooty andfrom nearby places reach there. Hosur is approximately 50km from the region which take an hour to reach by bus. Taxis are available outside the railway station to take you to your desired destination.