Samacheer Kalvi in Tamilnadu - A brief review about its implementation & advantages

In this resource you will find brief information about implementation of Samacheer Kalvi in Tamilnadu and a brief review about its advantages. Tamilnadu has implemented this equal education recently and its started showing promising results.

With the advent of various learning methodologies adopted in urban areas, the rural areas are not exposed to even the basic reason behind education. They go to school because everyone goes and think that it is just a part of their day to day routine and not something that drives them towards improvement in their standard of living and civilization.

Samacheer Kalvi - Equal education in Tamilnadu

Dated back to earlier days, the education scenario in Tamilnadu rural areas was based only on books and the lectures taken by the teachers. Whether the student understands or not, new lectures are taken and exercises are given based on the lectures. The problem in this case lies with the dull students who can't cope up with the speed of the lectures or miss some of them. With this method of teaching-learning process, the teacher is given with atleast 40 students to manage and hence, the student-teacher interaction is low. This problem was overcome by measures taken by the TN Government to introduce a new educational system.

At present, this system is only used and it is called "Samacheer Kalvi"(equal education). This involves having the same syllabus for both the Matriculation and State Board schools. According to the ground studies made by me, this new system introduced card system of learning. This is well explained as, each class is given with cards of unique border colors i.e., 3rd standard will have red card border, etc. All the subjects of the same class will have the same border color but differ in the objects they contain i.e., Maths card of 3rd standard will be represented with animals as objects in it with border color red. Each animal refers to the task that has to be completed and attested by the teacher.

How to make teaching more interesting in Tamilnadu

Taking an example for easy understanding, let us consider the 2nd standard Maths card where the animals are in the order of elephant, rabbit, deer, etc. The worksheet for the elephant object contains few multiplication problems. The basic concept it taught by the teacher and the students are asked to solve the problems in the worksheet. Once the elephant object is done, they get attested and take the worksheet of rabbit followed by deer and the basic concepts to solve these worksheets are taught by the teacher. Since all the students are not capable of studying at the same phase, grouping of students working on the same worksheet takes place. For e.g. dull students will be still working with first worksheet elephant form a group, hyperactive students working with deer will form another group and moderate students working with rabbit form another group. Such grouping takes place so that the teacher can analyze the students' capabilities and feed them accordingly. Individual attention to the students can be given by the teacher. It also facilitates the students to discuss among others of same group solving the same worksheet. One great advantage of this method is that without knowing the basic concepts of the subject, the student can't proceed through the other higher chapters.

Influence of Samacheer Kalvi education in Tamilnadu

From my studies, this "new system of Samacheer Kalvi" has drastically changed the scenario of education from one – many to one – one or one – few teaching-learning process. This also has led to drawbacks. One is that the number of students that a teacher handles is the same, around 40. This makes it a very tough job for the teacher to give individual attention to all the students. Another is that a dull student sits with the same workbook even when the other students of his age go to the next class. But this system, according to me is a great leap towards the improvement in the rural education.

The other general problems of the rural schools include, the students don't attend their classes regularly. The Teachers are not technically sound and so they can't teach the students more precisely about the emerging technologies and trends. Co-operation from the parents is not successful as they don't ask their wards to study and stay regular with their homeworks. Since most of the schools in rural areas are Government run schools, the teachers are more lethargic and they don't complete their tasks in time. This is because they have no fixed targets of achieving certain pass percentage or any other. One more major problem I found during my analysis of students absenting themselves to school was not because of the fact that they are not interested, but their parents think that going to school doesn't provide any income to family whereas when the child works with them in their fields, they can save one labor cost atleast. To overcome this, midday lunch scheme was provided to the students where they are provided with lunch, free of cost daily, but that also doesn't seem to be effective.

Considering the solutions to the above stated problems, in order to have proper attendance counts, we must motivate the students to attend classes and proper appreciation for their works must be encouraged. They must be educated on what is the reason behind education. They must be made to understand that education is not only for getting a job, but also to improve the overall standards of those who attain it. The teachers should be imparted with the proper technical knowledge and effective teaching methodologies. It must be ensured that every teacher is educated on computers, which is one basic need, so that they can impart the same to the students also. Frequent parent-teacher meetings must be arranged in order to let the parents know at what position their wards stand and drive them to study. Through this meeting, the teachers must make sure that they clearly explain the role of parents in improving their ward's standard in education.

The number of teachers handling the students must be increased, so that, the students get individual attention and the teachers can feed more to each student. The lethargic attitude of teachers towards teaching can be avoided to some extent by giving increments if a target result is achieved by that teacher. This serves as a motivation factor for driving the teachers to excel in their work. As far as my knowledge, the Samacheer Kalvi education method is followed only in Tamil Nadu which, when followed in all the States of India, then the overall standard of the rural education can be improved. Awareness must be spread to the parents on the fact that, monetary outcome of education may seem to be null at present but considering the future, it may reap us greater benefits.

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