Introduction to All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) is one of the major political party in the political history of Tamilnadu. The AIADMK a breakaway from the parent party DMK, was founded by Mr. M.G. Ramachandran popularly known as MGR in the year 1972. At present they are the ruling party in Tamilnadu headed by the Chief Minister of Tamilnadu Ms. J.Jayalalitha. The AIADMK party is having its head quarters in Royapettah, Chennai. AIADMK is also one of the major political party in Puducherry. AIADMK along with DMK are the two dravidan parties that has been ruling the Tamilnadu state since 1967.
Formation of AIADMK as a political party in Tamilnadu
MGR a veteran in Tamil film industry was inducted into politics by Annadurai his mentor. MGR was deeply impressed by his ideology and was instrumental in DMK coming to power in 1967. After the demise of Annadurai, Karunanidhi was elected as the party president and subsequently the Chief Minister of Tamilnadu in 1969. Trouble started there as MGR and Karunanidhi had differences in many issues. Finally MGR came out of DMK and formed his own political party and named it as AIADMK. Thus AIADMK was formed on October 17, 1972 which paved the way for a major change in Tamilnadu political history. The AIADMK party represented by two leaves symbol was thus formed under the leadership of MGR. Many people believed that the AIADMK party will not succeed and it will fade away from politics in Tamilnadu. But that was proved wrong and AIDMK rose to be one of the major political party that ruled Tamilnadu. They are the only alternative party that is having major vote bank in politics apart from the DMK.
Rise of AIADMK under the leadership of M.G. Ramachandran
It has been a one man show after the formation of AIADMK. Many people had the doubt whether MGR popular Tamil actor would be able to convert his charisma into votes in politics. But he is one personality in Tamilnadu politics who entered the hearts of Tamil people and still exists there even after his demise. When MGR walked out of DMK many major political leaders also came along with him. The chief among them are V. R. Nedunchezhiyan, R. M. Veerappan, K. V. Kandaswamy, S. Thirunavukkarasu, and J.Jayalalithaa. MGR used tamil cinema as a vehicle to propagate his political party among all sections of people of Tamilnadu. This resulted in AIADMK winning the Tamilnadu Assembly Elections in 1977 by trouncing the DMK. Congress was the political ally for AIADMK in the Tamilnadu assembly elections. MGR was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Tamilnadu for the first time on June 30, 1977.
Relations between the congress and AIADMK was strained due to various issues and the AIADMK party was dismissed in 1980. Elections were held on May 1980 and AIADMK stormed into power as the single largest political party by winning 129 seats. MGR was again sworn in for the second time as Chief Minister of Tamilnadu on June 9, 1980.
In 1984 MGR was hospitalized due to illness. This did not deter the people as the charisma of MGR was so deeply fixed in the hearts of to the people of Tamilnadu that he won the Tamilnadu Assembly Elections in 1984 and became the Chief Minister of Tamilnadu for the third time. He is the only Tamil leader to have won the elections even though he was hospitalized in United States. He continued as the Chief Minister of Tamilnadu till his death in December 24, 1987.
Crisis in AIADMK after MGR death
The death of MGR caused a political crisis in Tamilnadu. There was internal fighting inside AIADMK as to who has to succeed MGR as the party leader of AIADMK. Janaki Ramachandran wife of MGR was elected as the leader of AIADMK and thus continued as the Chief Minister of Tamilnadu. She was the first women Chief Minister of Tamilnadu and continued till president's rule was imposed.
The internal fighting resulted into the splitting of AIADMK into two. One faction was led by Janaki Ramachandran and the other one led by J. Jayalalitha. This led to the major beating of AIADMK in the Tamilnadu Assembly Elections in 1989 and DMK came to power. Soon both the factions of the AIADMK was merged and was led by Jayalalitha.
Rise of Jayalalitha as a major political leader in AIADMK
In 1991 AIADMK came to power by defeating the DMK in the assembly elections. Jayalalitha was the first elected women Chief Minister of Tamilnadu. Many observers believe that the anti-incumbency wave arising due to the death of Rajiv Gandhi resulted in DMK getting routed and AIADMK came to power. During the 5 year term the AIADMK government under Jayalalitha was accused of major corruption and this resulted in their defeat in the Tamilnadu Assembly Elections in 1996.
Jayalalitha soon came back to power for the second term in the Tamilnadu Assembly Elections 2001. She was careful enough not to do the same mistakes that she did in her previous term. Her corruption charges during the previous term had made her to relinquish the Chief Minister post for a brief period. But she came back strongly and ruled for the full term. The major incident during her period was the hunt down of sandalwood smuggler Veerappan.
Jayalalitha lost power in the Tamilnadu Assembly elections in 2006 and DMK came to power with the help of congress. Though she was in the opposition she was in the lime light by accusing the DMK of corruption and family politics. This she made it as a election propaganda during the build up for elections 2011.
Jayalalitha came to power again for the third term in Tamilnadu Assembly Elections 2011.
Read the link to know list of Chief Ministers of Tamilnadu
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