Adi Perukku festival and its importance
Adi Peruuku or Pathinettam Perukku is one of the various festivals celebrated in Tamilnadu. It is celebrated on the 18th day of the tamil month Adi(generally comes on 2nd or 3rd August, every year). In this year, Adi Perukku comes on 3rd August. As this period being the monsoon season, water levels in the rivers are raising, due to the rain. The Tamil word Perukku refers to raising or increasing. Since the water level raises in all rivers due to the rain, this festival is celebrated on the banks of the river or other water sources. In Hinduism, water is considered as sacred and worshiped as a deity, as it is essential for the daily life. Rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, Cauvery, Godhavari etc. are being worshiped as goddesses.
People worship all the water sources including the well in their houses on this day. It is the worship to nature for bringing proper rain for cultivation. People prepare varieties of rice food like Coconut rice (Thengai sadham), Lemon rice (Elumichai sadham), Sweet rice(Sarkarai pongal) etc. and offer to the God. People place Agalvilakku, Kumkum, flowers and other sacred articles to float as offerings in the river. Newly wedded couples worship the rivers for the prosperity in their life, by changing the old Thali charadu (sacred thread) of the bride with a new one. As it is believed that any work starts on this day will flourish, people buy buy jewels, dresses etc.
Adi Perukku in Cauvery river
The Cauvery river, is generally worshipped by Hindus. On this Adi Perukku day, people come with their families and offer sacred articles as offerings and worship the river on its banks.
On Adi Perukku day, Lord Ranganathar at Srirangam temple in Trichy comes to Amma mandapam, which is on the banks of the river Cauvery. He gives saree, kumkum, karugamani, flower etc. as gifts to the Cauvery river. These sacred articles are brought up with the Srirangam temple elephant and made to float in the river.