108 Divya Desa Temples in Kanchipuram
Kanchipuram is holy city has plenty of Temples. In kanchipuram there is a place called as Chinna Kanchipuram or Vinhu Kanchi Where we can see plenty of Vishu Temples and Big Kanchipuram or Shiva Kanchi where we can see plenty of Shiva Temple. In 108 Divya Desa Temples of Lord Vishnu, 82 temples in Tamil Nadu, in which 16 Temples in Kanchipuram.
How to Reach Kanchipuram'
By Air : Nearest Airport to Kanchipuram is Chennai Airport.
By Train: Nearest Railway Station is Vellore Railway station. This is 68 Kms from Kanchipuram. Arakonam Railway Station is 20 kms from Kanchipuram.
By Bus :Kanchipuram has well connected with all cities in tamil nadu. Kanchipuram is 75 kms from chennai. 70 kms from vellore.
Sri Bhaktavatsala Perumal Temple, Thiruninravur, Chennai
Sri Bhaktavatsala Perumal Temple is located in Thiruninravur near Chennai 35 kms from Chennai. This temple is built by Pallava Kings. As per Legend, Goddess Lakshmi came here and stayed, so Lord Vishnu followed her and came to this place and he also stayed in this place so this place is called as "Thiruninravur". In tamil "Nindra" means "Stand" Thiru means "God" since the name of this place is called "Thiruninravur". There is another legend behind this temple, Tirumazhisai Alwar didn't sing paasuram to this Lord. So Lord Vishnu follower him and asked him to sing paasuram about him from Mamallapuram. Here Lord Vishnu is called as Bhaktavatsala Perumal and Goddess is called as Ennai Petra Thayar. Goddess is also called as Abishegavalli.
Other deities in this temple are Sri Anadal deity, Chakrathalwar deity, Adi Sesha deity, Mudaliyandan deity , Yoga Narasimhar Deity and Lord Hanuman Deity also there in this temple. Mangalasasanam to this temple has 14 Paasurams which are written by Thirumangai Alwar.
Sri Veera Ragava Perumal Temple, Thiruvalur, Chennai
Sri Veera Ragava Perumal Temple is located in the place Thiruevvul, this place is near by Thiruvallur, Chennai. This temple is suited 30 miles from Chennai and 3 miles from Thiruvallur. This temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and here Lord is in "Kidantha Thirukkolam" and here Lord Vishnu is called as Sri Veeraragava Perumal . As per legend, once there was Rishi named Saalihothirar, Saali means a measurement term of Rice. Saalihothirar's parents prayed god to give birth of child before saalihothirar's birth, and they performed one yaga for one year with 28 thousand saali rice. So he got this name. He was devotee of Lord Vishnu, he came to this place to worship Lord Vishnu. He did silence Fasting for one year and he collected rice. After one year, he cooked some rice, which was collected by him to Lord Vishnu as Prasad. He planned to offer some part of rice to Lord Vishnu and another part he kept it for himself and some rishi. At that time, Lord Vishnu came in front of him as old muni, and he asked food to eat. Saalihothirar offered some food to him. But he wanted more and more and he ate full food. Then the old muni asked for place to take rest. Evvullil Urangalam ?. Saalihothirar asked him to take rest in his hut and he did Paatha Seva to him. Vul means place and Urangalam? means Sleep. So this place got the name Thiru Evvulor. Lord Vishnu gave darsana to Saalihothirar in lying posture so Lord in this temple in Kidantha ThirukkolamM.
Mangalasasanam to this temple has 12 Paasurams in which 11 paasurams are written by Thirumangai Alwar and 1 paasuram is written by Thirumazhisai Alwar. Goddess in this temple is called as Kanakavalli, has separate sanathi. Other deities in this temple are Boopalarayar, Kannaki, Lakshmi Narasimar, Gajalakshmi Thaayar Sri Ramar and Alwars.
Sri Varadharajar Temple- Kanchipuram
Sri Varadharaja Perumal Temple is located in the holy city of Kanchipuram. This temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and built by Cholas kings in the year 1053. As per legend, Lord Brahma did penance to get darshana of Lord Vishnu in Chadur Bhujam (Avathar with four hands). As the result Lord Vishnu gave his darshana as Threetham, this threetham is called as P ushkaram ,later he gave darshana as Forest, this Forest is called as Naimisaranyam. But Lord Barhma was not satisfied with this darshana, so he prayed Lord Vishnu, at once he heard a voice from heaven "Asarari" that to get darshana of Lord Vishnu, he should perform Yaga called "Ashwametha yagam" for hundred time. But he was very eager to see Lord Vishnu, so he was not willing to perform 100 yagas. Finally, as per Lord Vishnu's advice he performed one yaga that was equal to 100 Ashwametha yagams. Barhma Devan started the yagam, when he started fire, Lord Vishnu came out of the fire and gave darshana to Lord Barhma. There is a believe in kachipuram that, doing one Ashwametha yagam in kanchipuram will get purity of doing 100 Ashwametha yagams.
"Ka" means Brahma and "Anjitham" means worshiper of Lord, Brahma worshiped Lord Vishnu in this stalam is called Kanchi. The place where this temple located is called as Vishnu Kanch, also known as Chinna Kanchipuram, here lot of Vishnu Temples are there. Here Lord Vishnu is called as Sri Varadharajar and Goddess is called as Perundevi Thaayar. The specialty of this place is, this is birth place of Vedantha Desikar. The Ancient tamil poem has reference about this temple is Sri Varadharaja Sthavan which is written by Koorathalwar. He is student of Sri Ramanujar.
Other shrines in this temple are Kugai Narasimhar, Yoga Narasimhar, Sri Ramar, Sri Krishnar, Andal and Alwar Sannadi. Mangalasasanam to this temple has 7 Paasurams in which 4 paasurams are written by Thirumangai Alwar and 1 paasuram is written by Bhoodhathalwa and remaining one paasuram is written by Pei Alwar.
Sri Yathothakaari Perumal Temple, Thiruvekka
Sri Yathothakaari Perumal temple is located near by Sir Varadharaja Perumal temple, Kanchipuram. Here Lord Vishnu is called as Sri Yathothakaari and Goddess is called as Komalavalli Nachiyaar. As per legend, once Thirumizhisai alwar lived in kanchipuram. An old lady, who is helping Thirumizhisai alwar, she prayed Thirumizhisai alwar and wanted to do one favour to her. That's why Thirumizhisai alwar made her as beautiful lady, as the result, the king of kanchipuram wanted to marry her, and the old lady became queen of kanchipuram. The king wanted to know the reason of her beauty, she said Thirumizhisai alwar only gave this beautiful face to her. So the king willing to meet Thirumizhisai alwar. Kani kannan, is the follower and assistant of Thirumizhisai alwar, the king asked him to come to the palace, and asked Thirumizhisai alwar should come to the palace and sing a song about him. But Kanni kannan said , Thirumizhisai alwar will not sing about any human, so the king offered lot of gold, silver and diamond to kanni kannan to compromise Thirumizhisai alwar. But he refused, so the king ordered him to go out from kanchipuram.
Kani kannan came to Thirumizhisai alwar and explained all and got ready to start. At once Thirumizhisai alwar also started along with him, and he asked Lord Vishnu to get from his bed "Aadhiseshan" and come along with them. Lord Vishnu also started with them. On hearing this the king realized that, and came along with people and begged Kani kannan to come down to kanchipuram. As the result Thirumizhisai alwar, Kanni Kannan and Lord Vishnu returned back to Kanchipuram. And Lord Vishnu gave darshana to the people in Kidantha Thirukkolam in his Aadhisehan. Since in this temple, Lord Vishnu is called as Sonna vannam seitha Perumal.
Mangalasasanam to this temple has 14 Paasurams in which 6 paasurams are written by Thirumangai Alwar and 3 paasuram are written by Thirumizhisai alwar , 4 Paasurams are written by Poigai Alwar and remaining one paasuram is written by Nammalwar.
Sri Aadhikesava Perumal Temple, Kanchipuram
Sri Aadhikesava Perumal Temple is located 2 kms from Sri Varadharaja Perumal temple in Chinna Kanchipuram. In this temple Lord Vishnu is called as Sri Aadhikesava Perumal and Goddess is called as Alarmelmangai Thayaar.
Once there was a argument between Goddess Saraswathi, who is also known as Naa Magal and Sri Lakshmi, who is also known as Poo Magal that who is greatest among them. So they asked Brahma, he said Sri Devi is in the heart of Lord Vishnu so she is greatest. Then goddess Saraswathi asked "Which river is largest" Brahma said "Ganga river is the largest". Suddenly Goddess Saraswathi went to the banks of Ganga to perform Penance. Lord Brahma, asked Saraswathi to come along with him, but she refused. So he planned to do "Ashwametha Yagam" to keep Saraswathi along with her. On hearing this news from demons, Goddess Saraswathi went in the form "Vegavath" river and go towards the yaga to destroy, Lord Vishnu stopped Vegavathi by lying across the river so he is called as Vega Sethu. Finally, Goddess Sarawathi sent a powerful snake to destroy the yaga. At that time Lord Vishnu took the avathar of Sri Aadhikesava Perumal with 8 hands, holding 8 different weapons like Sword, Chakkaram, Sangu, Bow, Kedayam and a flower to kill the snake. These weapons are called as Divya Aayudha Aazhwargal.
Mangalasasanam to this temple has 11 Paasurams in which 10 paasurams are written by Thirumangai Alwar and 1 paasuram is written by Pei alwar .
Sri Ulagalantha Perumal Temple- Kanchipuram
Sri Ulagalantha Perumal temple is located in big kanchipuram near Kammachi amman temple. In this temple Lord Vishnu is called as Thiruvikraman he is also known as Sri Vamanar or Ulagalantha perumal. Goddess of this temple is Amudhavalli Thayar. As per legend, Lord Vishnu took Vamana Avathar to reduce arrogance of Mahaballi. Once Mahaballi ruled Pathala-Loka, but he tried to capture other lokas under his ruling. So he did a big Yagam, at the end of the yagam, he offered anything to people, whoever went to the palace of him. Lord Vishnu took a form of Dwarf and went to the palace of Mahaballi. He asked the king for 3 Foot of land for him. The king was really surprised and he said ok. At once Lord Vishnu started measuring his one feet on Pathala-loka and his first step covered all the world below the earth and second step covered all the world above the earth, and there was no place for third step. God asked Mahaballi for third foot to measure. Mahaballi realized that and he gave his head for the third foot, also he gave down all his arrogance. Lord Vishnu came down to earth and he measured the world, so here Lord Vishnu is calleda as Ulagalantha Perumal.
Mangalasasanam to this temple has 6 Paasurams in which 4 paasurams are written by Thirumangai Alwar and 2 paasuram are written by Thirumazhisai Alwar . In Sri Ulagalantha Perumal temple Moolavar is called as T hiruvikraman and Utsavar is known as Sri Loganathan. The specialty of this temple is inside this temple other three Divya Desams named Inside this Sthalam, other 3 divyadesams namely, Sri Jagadeeshwarar Temple , Sri Karunakara Perumal Temple, and Kaaravannam are found. The Vimanam and Pushkarani are there.
Sri Jagadeeshwarar Temple, Kanchipuram
Sri Jagadeeshwarar Temple is inside the Sri Ulagalantha Perumal Temple. In Tamil Neer means Water since her Lord Vishnu is also known as Thiru Neeragathan. Goddess of this temple is Nilamangai valli Thaayar. Lord Vishnu took this avathar to explain
Neer indri amya ulagam athu pola Avan(Lord Vishnu) indri amyathu Vaiyagam
Meaning of this sentence carries many important things :
Human beings cannot live without water to survive this world, like wise Lord Vishnu will save his devotees with his blessings.
Water will rush towards even in a small hole, like wise Lord Vishnu will come into the hearts of devotees with respect to their bhakthi.
Water will purifies the human body as well as the blood, like wise Lord Vishnu will give moksham (Purifies soul) to his devotees.
Water will flow all the regions, it has no boarder and no control, like wise Lord Vishnu will save all the people he has no partiality and no limitation to give blessings.
Mangalasasanam to this temple only one Paasuram which is written by Thirumangai Alwar.
Sri Karunakara Perumal Temple, Kanchipuram
Sir Karunakara Perumal Temple is inside the Sri Ulagalantha Perumal Temple. Here Lord Vishnu is in the form of Clouds. He is called as Karunakara Perumal. There are two goddess in this temple named Padmamani Naachiyaar and Ramamani Nachiyaar. Lord Vishnu is in the form of Clouds (Megham) , Kaar means Clouds and Karuna means blessings to explain that,
Clouds doesn't mind about the land, whichever land it is like dry land, wealthy land and all, like wise Lord Vishnu doesn't have difference with in his devotees, he will bring his blessings to all people.
Clouds will not expect anything from the land, but it requires some breeze to give rain, like wise Lord Vishnu doesn't expecting anything from his devotees, but some bhakthi.
Clouds will not give rain in sometimes but later it will, like wise Lord Vishnu will give some problems to his devotees, but he will save them from all problems later, if they were good hearted.
Mangalasasanam to this temple only one Paasuram which is written by Thirumangai Alwar.
Sri Thirukkaar vaanar Temple , Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu
Sri Thirukkaar Vaanar Temple is also inside the temple of Sri Ulagalantha Perumal temple. Here Lord Vishnu is called as Sri Kalvar he is in stading posture and Goddess is called as Komalavalli Nachiyar.Kaar means "Water" and Vaan means "Sky". Here Lord Vishnu is in the forms of water and sky which explains that,
Sky will save the people from heat, cool and from all atmospheres, like wise Lord Vishnu will save the people as Sky.
Mangalasasanam to this temple only one Paasuram which is written by Thirumangai Alwar.
Sri Vaikunda Perumal Temple, Kanchipuram
Sri Vaikunda Perumal Temple is located in Big Kanchipuram, here Lord Vishnu is also known as Paramapatha Nathar. Goddess is called as Sri Vaikuntha valli. As per Legend, once there was a king named Veerochana, who was the devotee of Lord Shiva. The king has no children, so he prayed Kailasanathar, Kanchipuram. As the result his wife gave a birth to two male children. He named to his sons as Pallavan and Vallavan. They both are devotees of Lord Vishnu, they performed Ashwametha Yaga to get darshana of Lord Vishnu, He have Darshana to both of them in Iruntha Thirukkolam is avathar is called as Paramapathanathar, also known as Sri Vaikunda Perumal. Pallavan and Vallavan the two sons of Veerochana got mukthi and they are called as Dwara Balagars, can be seen in two sides of Moolavar Sannadi in all Vishnu temples.
The specialty of this Temple is, it shows Vaishnavam and Shivam both are same. This is proved by this story, Veerochana is devotee of Lord Shiva and he prayed to get child but the children of him were devotees of Lord Vishnu, this explains that there is no difference between to Lords, both are same. Mangalasasanam to this temple has 10 Paasurams which is written by Thirumangai Alwar.
Sri Pavala Vannar Temple, Kanchipuram
Sri Pavala Vannar Temple is located near Kanchipuram Railway Station and Kammachiamman temple. This temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and this is one of the 108 Divya desams of Lord Vishnu. Here Lord Vishnu was worshipped in the form of Palava Vannar and Paachai Vannar both sannadhi are face to face. There is now Mangalasasanam for Pacchai Vannar so this temple is associated with Pavala Vannar Temple and considered as one temple. Pacchai Vannan is also known as Maragatha Vannan. He is considered as Lord Shiva and Pavala Vannar is in the amsam of Goddess Shakthi. Even this is a Vishnu temple, Lord Vishnu is in the amsam of Lord Shiva, which explains that Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu are same. Moolavar in this temple is called as Paramapatha Nathan, he is iruntha Thirukkolam (Sitting Posture). Goddess in this temple is called as Palavalli thayar. Mangalasasanam to this temple has 1 Paasuram which is written by Thirumangai Alwar.
Sri Pandava Thoodhar Temple, Kanchipuram
Sri Pandava Thoodhar Temple is located near by Ekambareshware Temple, Kanchipuram. This temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu here Lord Vishnu is in the form of Sri Krishnar and he called as Sri Pandava Thoodhar. As per Legend, When the Bharatha War was held; Sri Krishna is the charioteer of Arjunan, who is Pancha Pandava. Sri Krishnan went to meet Dhuriyodhana as Messenger or emissary (Thooduvan) and ask him to avoid the war. But Dhyriyodhana didn't have idea to avoid war and he didn't give respect to the emissary he planned to kill Lord Krishna. At once Lord Krishna gave Vishvarupa Darshna to all people in Dhuriyodhana's palace. When Janameyjayan heared the Mahabharatha story from Vaisambhayanar, he wish to get the darshana of Lord Vishnu in Vishvaroopa Darshana. So he performed Ashwametha Yaga, as the result Lord Vishnu gave Vishvaroopa darshana to him in kanchipuram. Sri Krishna went as emissary of pandavas so he is also called as Paandava Thoodhar. In this temple Lord Vishnu is in Irundha Kolam ; here Lord Vishnu is in Srikrishna avathar so Goddess are Rukmani and Sathya Bama.
Mangalasasanam to this temple has 6 Paasurams, in which 2 are written by Thirumangai Alwar, 2 Paasurams are written by Thirumazhisai Alwar, one paasuram is written by Bhoodathalwar and remaining one is written by Pei Alwar.
Sri Nilathingal Thundathan Perumal Temple, Kanchipuram
Sri Nilathingal Thundathan Perumal Temple is located in side of the Ekambareshwarar temple, Kanchipuram as a small sannadhi. As per Legend, once Goddess Paarwathi did penance to worship Lord Shiva at Kachipuram, during the penance, Lord Shiva wanted to test her devotion he sent Fire one her. Goddess Paarwathi prayed Lord Vishnu to save from fire, at once Lord Vishnu took the form of Moon (Chandran) and cool her. Then Paarvathi worshipped Lord Shiva in Sand, next time Lord Shiva send Ganga to destroy Paarvathi's penance . She prayed her sister Ganga to save her, Ganga also leave her. At last Goddess Paarwathi worshipped Lord Shiva and she mixed into Lord Shiva. Lord Vishnu came to this place to save Paarwathi in the form of Chandran so he is called as Nilathingal Thundathan
The Moolavar in this temple is Nilathingal Thundathan, he is also known as Chandirra Chuda Perumal, and the goddess is known as Ner Oruvar Illa valli. b>Mangalasasanam to this temple has 1 Paasuram which is written by Thirumangai Alwar.
Sri Aadhi Varaha Perumal Temple, Kanchipuram
Sri Aadhi Varaha Perumal Temple is located in side the Sri Kamachi amman temple, Kanchipuram. Here Lord Vishnu is in the form of Varahar or Pig so he is called ad Aadhi Varaha Perumal and Goddess is called as Anjilai Valli Naachiyar. As per legend, when there was a argument with Lord Shiva and Goddess Paarwathi, Lord Shiva gave saba to goddess to go to earth, and she have to live as a woman if she wants to return back to him, she have to do penance and seva to Lord Shiva. Then Goddess paarwathi did penance and merged with Lord Shiva. When kamachi taking bath along with Sri lakshmi, Lord Shiva was watching them behind the pillar. Goddess Kamachi is the incarnation of Goddess Paarwathi so she realized that Lord Shiva is watching them. So she punished him by making him in Iruntha, Standing and Kindantha kolam. So Lord Vishnu in this stalam is in Three postures called as " Iruntha Thirukkolam, Nindra Thirukkolam and Kidantha Thirukolam". Goddess Kamachi called Lord Shiva as "Kalvan" so this Divya desam got the name as "Thirukalvanoor". Mangalasasanam to this temple has 1 Paasuram which is written by Thirumangai Alwar.
Sri Azhagiya Singar Perumal Temple, Kanchipuram
Sri Azhagiya Singar Perumal temple is located in Thiruvelukkai, kanchipuram near Ashtapuja Perumal Temple. In this temple Lord Vishnu is called as Sri Azhagiya Singar and goddess is called as Velukkai Valli . Vel means wish and irukkai means stay since the place where Lord Vishnu is standing for helping his devotees is called as Thiruvelukkai. Here Lord Vishnu is in Narasimha Avathar, which is one of the Avathar of his Dasavathar. He is in meditation posture called as Yoga posture so he is called as Yoga Narasimhar. There is a reference in the ancient tamil Poem "Kamaasi Ashtakam" written by Sri Vedantha Desikar about this temple and Lord Vishnu.
Mangalasasanam to this temple has 4 Paasurams, in which 3 Paasurams are written by Pie alwar and one paasuram is written by Thirumangai Alwar.
Sri Deepa Prakasar Perumal Temple, Kanchipuram
Sri Deepa Prakasar Perumal Temple is located in Kachipuram. Here Lord Vishnu is called as Sri Deepa Prakasar and Goddess is known as Maragathavalli Thayaar.Once there was a argument with Saraswathi and Sri lakshmi that who is greatest of them. They asked Brahma he said Sri lakshmi is the best. As the result Saraswathi got angry and she went to Ganga to perform penance. Lord Brahma wanted to come with him again, but saraswathi didn't so he performed Ashwametha Yaga to keep Saraswathi with him. But Demons wanted to destroy that yaga, they stopped light by covering the sky. At that time Sriman Narayanar appeared in the form of "Light", so he is called as Deepa Prakasar.
Deepam means Light and Prakasam means flash. Finally by using that light brahma performed that yaga and he got saraswathi back to him.
In Sri Deep Prakasar Perumal Temple, Lord Vishnu is in Nidra Thirukkolam. He destroys the darkness so he called as Vilakku Oli Perumal. The specialty of this stalam is, this is the avathar stalam of Sri Vedantha Desikar. Other shrines in this temple are Lakshimi Hayagreevar, Nayina Varadachariyar and Alwars. Mangalasasanam to this temple has 2 Paasurams, which are written by Thirumangai Alwar.
Sri Vijayaraghava Perumal Temple, Kanchipuram
Sri Vijayaraghava Perumal Temple is located 7 miles from kanchipuram. In this temple Lord Vishnu is called as Sri Vijayaraghava Perumal and Goddess is called as Maragathavalli Thayaar.
Once Lord Vishnu born as son of the King Dasaratha as Sri Ramar. Kakeyi made cheating and made Sri Ramar to go forest. So, Sri Ramar along with Sita devi and Lakshman went to forest. At the time an Asura King Ravana met Sita Devai and impressed by her beauty so he kidnapped her to Lanka. On hearing this Sri Ramar and Lakshman started to search Sita Devai, they moved towards north, where Jadayu was lying done. Jadayu's wing were cut by Rava while he tried to save Sita Devi. Rama and Lakshmana met Jadayu and he said Ravana kidnapped Sita Devi and went towards North. Jadayu asked Sri Ramar to give darshan as Lord Vishnu, as per his wish Sri Ramar gave darshana as Sri Vijayaraghava Perumal. Sri ramar done all final final funeral to Jadayu. So there is a separate sannadi for Jadayu in Sri Vijayaraghava Perumal Temple.
Moolavar in this temple, is in the Iruntha Thirukkolam (Sitting Posture). The specialty of this temple is, there is a believe that, Couple who wish to have child, can give dhal (Paruppu) to Madapalli of this temple. Madappalli, where Prasad to Lord Vishnu's is prepared. They soak the dhal in water for few minutes and this dhal is tied with a cloth around the stomach. They have to sleep with this dhal; once waking up, if the seeds shoot, it is believed that she will give birth soon. Mangalasasanam to this temple has 2 Paasuram which is written by Thirumangai Alwar.