Dasavatharam of Lord Vishnu
In Tamil Language, Dasam means Ten. Avatar means incarnation. Dasavathar means Ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu.As per Hindu mythology, Lord Brahma is responsible for creation, Lord Vishnu is responsible of saving (upkeep) and Lord Shiva is responsible of extermination. In these three aspects upkeeping is very very difficult and very sensible. Lord Vishnu do this job with full of care, so he took some incarnations, to save us from bad things.
1 Matsya Avatar
2 Koorma Avatar
3 Varaha Avatar
4 Narasimha Avatar
5 Vamana Avatar
6 Parasurama Avatar
7 Rama Avatar
8 Balarama Avatar
9 Krishna Avatar
10 Kalki Avatar
Matsya avathar of Lord Vishnu
Matsya Avathar known as Machcha Avatharam is the first incarnation of Lord Vishnu. In Tamil language Machcham means Fish. As per legend Lord Vishnu took this avathar to destroy Asuran and save Vedas and Sasthras created by Lord Brahma. Once there was a demon named Somukasuran, who has the face of a horse. He stolen all the Vedas and Sasthras created by Lord Brahma, and he went in to sea. Lord Brahma prayed Lord Vishnu to save all Vedas, at once Lord Vishnu changed his form in to Fish, killed Somukasuran and returned all Vedas to Brahma. This incident was called as Matsya Avathar of Lord Vishnu and that's why Idol of Lord Vishnu in Matsya Avathar has half- fish shaped and half- God shaped.
Sri Veda Narayanaswami Temple in Tirupathi, where Lord Vishnu is in the form of Matsya Avatar. This temple is located in Nagalapuram, 70 km south-east of Tirupati.This temple was constructed by the Vijayanagara King Sri Krishnadeva Raya. Here Lord Vishnu called as Veda Narayanar and Goddess called as Vedavalli. Other shrines in this temple are Sri Vedavalli Tayaru Sanathy,Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swami sanathy,Sri Veeranjaneya Swami sabathy,Sri Bhakta Anjaneya Swami sanathy,Sri Sita Lakshmana Sameta Ramulavari sanathy.
How to Reach Tirupathi
By Air : Direct Flight to Tirupathi are available from Chennai and Hyderabad.
By Train : Train facility is available from all cities to Tirupathi
By Road : Tirupathi is 113 km to Chennai, 196 km to Pondicherry and 260 km to Salem.
Kurma Avathar of Lord Vishnu
Kurma Avathar is the second incarnation of Lord Vishnu. In Tamil Language Kurma means Tortoise . As per legend Lord Vishnu took this Avathar to hold the mountain called Mandara, when Devas and Asuras churn the ocean to get Amirtham. Once there was a war between Devas (gods) and the demons (Asuras), in that war Devas lost and the prayed to Lord Vishnu to save them from Demons. Lord Vishnu suggested for a truce, that was both sides should get together and churn the ocean. That truce was agreed by both sides. The great mountain Mandara was used as a rod and Snake Vasuki was used as a rope to churn the ocean. All Devas holding the tail of Vasuki and Asuras holding head of the snake. Both teams started churning but the mountain Mandara had no base so Lord Vishnu changed his form in to Tortoise and gave balanced to the mountain. While churning, there was a terrible poison came from the ocean this was swallowed by Lord Shiva,that's why he called as Nilakandan. while churning goddess of Wine, Parijata Tree, Koustubha Jewel, Cow (Kapila), a horse (Ucchaishrava) , a elephant, a beautiful women (Apsaras) and Goddess Lakshmi were came out from the ocean one by one. At last Dhanvantari with a bowl of Amirta came out of the ocean. Demons demands that Amirta, at that time Lord Vishnu adopted the form of beautiful woman, so Demons were charmed and they said that women to distribute that Amirtha. Lord Vishnu accepted that amrita and he served it to Devas, but there was only one clever demon named Rahu, he took the form of Chandra (moon) and drank some amrita. So Vishnu cut off his head with a sword, rahu had drunk the amrita so he could not die. He prayed for a boon to Lord Vishnu that Rahu can swallow up the sun occasionally, this happening at the time of solar and the lunar eclipses. Thus Lord Vishnu save Devas and gave more power than demons.
Srikurmam Temple in Andrapradesh is an ancient and famous temple in india, which dedicated to Lord Vishnu, where he is in the form of Kurma Avatar. Srikurma Temple is located in the village Srikurmam, 20 kms from the town Srikakulam. Here Lord Vishnu is called as Sri Kurmanatha. This is the only one temple to Lord Vishnu with Kurma Avatar in India.
How to Reach Srikurmam Temple, Andrapradesh
By Air : Nearest Airport is Vishakapattinam Airport, which is 106 kms from Srikakulam town.
By Rail : Nearest Railway station is Amadalavalasa station, which is 20 kms from Srikakulam town. Srikakulam also an important junction Howrah-Chennai borad gage will connect this city. Trains available from Hyderabad, Bangalore and chennai.
By Road : Complete Road transport is available from all cities of Andrapradesh.
Varaha Avathar of Lord Vishnu
Varaha Avathar is the third incarnation of Lord Vishnu. In Tamil Language Varaham means Pig or boar. As per Legend Lord Vishnu took this avathar to protect the earth, which was hidden by Hiranyaksha in to the ocean. Once there was a demon called Hiuranyaksha, he prayed Lord Brahma and got the boon that he would be Invincible in battle. Then Hiranyaksh went to heaven and defeated all gods and occupied heaven. He also fight with Varuna to conquer ocean, thus he undertook the whole earth in this control and finally he took the earth and hidden it under the ocean. Lord Vishnu took the form of Varaha and went into ocean. He destroyed the Asuran Hiranyaksha and save the earth
From him. Thus Lord Vishnu save all gods and heaven and the entire earth and keep that in his nose. This incident is known as Varaha Avatar. That's why the idol of Lord Vishnu in Dasavatharam has the face of Varaham.
Tirumala Venkateswara Temple in Andrapradesh is located in the Tirumala town, near Tirupathi is dedicated to Lord Vishnu, where God is in the form of Varaha Avatar. Lakshmi Varha Perumal Temple, Kallidaikurichi in TamilNadu, is one of famous temple here Lord Vishnu called as Varahar, located in Tirunelveli District.
Narasimha Avathar of Lord Vishnu
Narasimha Avathar is the fourth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. In Tamil language Narasimam means Lion. As per legend Lord Vishnu took this avathar to save Pragalathan from his fathere Hiranyakassibu. Once There was a saint Doorwasar wish to worship Lord Vishnu, so he wen to heaven. He was stopped by Jayan and Vijayan, who wer the guards of Lord Vishnu, so the saint got angry and he curse them that both of you should leave from heaven and born as a violent human beings. They went to Lord Vishnu and asked remedy for that. Lord Vishnu said "I am not able to took back the curse of the Sage" but I can give new boon that is : you both can come back to me after 3 births as a enemy of me or you can come back to me after 30 births as my devotees. They said " We wish to come back to you in 3 years". As per boon both of them was born as Hiranyaksha and Hiranyakasibu. Hiranyakshya was destroyed by Lord Vishnu in Varaha Avathar. Hiranyakasibu went to forest to do penance to get more power and life. After a long penance God appeared in front of him, suddenly he asked him for immortality. But God refused to give this and he asked he should not die either by human or animal. God also granted that boon and disappeared. In the meantime Hiyranyakasibu's wife was pregnant, she was kidnapped by Goddess Indra, to control Hiyranyakasibu. But the sage Naradha adviced Indra to release Hiranyakasibu's wife, so she released her. Naradha took that lady to his abode and told some moral stories of Vishnu to her. She was not interested to listening them, but his child in womb heard all stories and by birth he became devotee of Lord Vishnu, he was Prahalada. Hiranyakasibu hate is activity of his son and he ordered him leave Lord Vishnu. He asked him to show Lord Vishnu, Prahalada said God will be everywhere and anywhere. Hiranyakasibu asked him by pointing to a pillar "is god in this pillar"?, he said "Yes". At once Haranyakasibu broke the pillar into pieces. Lord Vishnu appeared from that piece in the form of Narasimha and killed Hiyranyakasibu and save Prahalada. That's why Idol of Lord Vishnu in Narasimha Avathar has Lion's face.
There are plenty of temples for Narasimha Avatar of Lord Vishnu. Here are some temple in Tamil Nadu dedicated to Lord Vishnu in Narasimha Avatar
Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Tiruvaali , Chidamparam
Lakshmi Narasimha Temple at Tanjore near Thanjavur
Lakshmi Narasimha swamy Temple at Sevilimedu near Kanchipuram
Lakshmi Narasimha swamy Temple at Manur, Tiruvallur
Lakshmi Narasimha swamy Temple at Ambasamudram, Tirunelvel
Lakshmi Narayana swamy Temple, Venganur, Tiruttani
Lavaneeswarar Temple, Kolur near Ponneri, Chennai
Lavapureeswarar Temple, Tiruvotriyur, Chennai
Vamana Avatar of Lord Vishnu
Vamana Avatar is the Fifth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Vamana means Dwarf. Lord Vishnu took this avatar to reduce arrogance of Mahaballi, he is grandson of Pragalada. Once Mahaballi ruled Pathala-Loka, but he tried to capture other lokas under his ruling. So he did a big Yagam, at the end of the yagam, he offered anything to people, whoever went to the palace of him. Lord Vishnu took a form of Dwarf and went to the palace of Mahaballi. He asked the king for 3 Foot of land for him. The king was really surprised and he said ok. At once Lord Vishnu started measuring his one feet on Pathala-loka and his first step covered all the world below the earth and second step covered all the world above the earth, and there was no place for third step. God asked Mahaballi for third foot to measure. Mahaballi realized that and he gave his head for the third foot, also he gave down all his arrogance. Thus Lord Vishnu save the people, that's why Lord Vishnu idol of Vamana Avatar like dwarf.
Sri Vamanar Temple in Kanchipuram is one of the Vishnu Temple, where God is in the form of Vamana Avatar. This temple is located near to Sri Kamachi Amman Temple, Kanchipuram. This is the only temple in Tamil Nadu, where Vishnu available at Vamana Avatar.
How to reach Kanchipuram
By Air : Nearest Airport is Chennai
By Rail : Kanchipuram is connected by rail to all cities like, chennai, Tirupathi, madurai etc
By Road : Kanchipuram is well connected by Road to all cities in Tamil Nadu.
Parasurama Avatar of Lord Vishnu
Parasurama Avatar is the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Parasuramar was the fourth son of Jamadhagni and Renuka. Once there was a sage named Jamadhagi, who tough Vedas and Sastras to children. Parasurama was one of the student of his father, he was so obedient to his father and learnt Vedas from him. One day while Vasugi was making the pot, there was a "Gandharva" passed over the sky. She was the reflection of the gandharva in the river water and she forgot herself for a moment. By the disturbance of the image, she could not able to do pot on the whole day. She worried and afraid to go home. The sage Jamadhagni know all the facts, because he sensed all these incidents by his mental power. So he wanting to punish his wife and ordered Parasurama to do that. Parasurama was very angry with his father, but as a obedient son he was not able to refuse to do that, and he immediately done his father's order. Parasurama Avatar explains that "One should obey the orders of father".
Kanayakumari Temple , Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu, where Lord Vishnu is installed in the form Parasuramar in blue stone. This temple is the only temple where Lord Vishnu available at Parasurama Avatar.
How to reach Kanyakumari
By Air : Nearest Airport is Tirvandrum Airport, which is 87 Kms from Kanyakumari.
By Rail : Nearest Railway Station is Tirvandram Railway Station, which is connected with all cities in Tamil Nadu.
Rama Avatar of Lord Vishnu
Rama Avatar is also known as Dharma Avatar is seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu took this avatar to tough Culture of "Agapathini Virathan". As per legend King Dasarathan ruled Ayodhya and he made his people happy by his ruling. But the king had no children, so he performed Asuvameda yaga to get child. As the result Rama, Lakshmana, Bharatha and Strugun were born to his three wifes. Rama is avatar of Lord Vishnu. Rama married Seetha Devi, who was daughter of king Janakan. By the ruse of kaikeyi Rama went to forest along with Seetha for 14 years. This is called Vanavasam. Rama setup a ashram in the forest and settled with his wife and brother Lakshmanan. One day Rama went out from the ashram and he asked Lakshmanan to take care Seetha. Meantime, Ravanan, an Asuran saw seetha Devi and he impressed by her beauty. So he changed his form as a saint and kidnapped her to Lanka. He carried her in a chariot on the sky, Jatayu the eagle who noticed this incident and helped Rama to save Seetha. Sugriva is king of monkeys also helped Rama to defeat Ravana. This is Ramayanam Epic. This avatar of Lord Vishnu for two things one to tough "Culture of Agapathini Virathan" and to destroy demon Ravana.
Balarama Avatar of Lord Vishnu
Balram Avathar is the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Balarama was the son of Vasudeva and Rohini. There is believe that, Lord Vishnu takes Lakshmana as his elder brother, who is the younger brother of Lord Vishnu in his Rama Avathar
Baladevjew Temple is located in Kendrapara, Orissa State, one of the Balarama Temple in India.
Krishna Avatar of Lord Vishnu
Krishna Avatar is Ninth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu took this avatar to tough Bhagavat Gita to mankind. Once there was a king called Kamsan , ruled cruel . His sister Devaki who married Vasudeva. One day Yogamaya appeared in front of Kamsa and said, The eighth child of Devaki, who is going to born in "Rohini" Star will kill him. So Kamsa was confused and he planned to kill Devaki's child when ever devaki gave birth. By this action of Devaki's brother , she was so unhappy and she prayed Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu appeared in front of them and said " I will be born as your eighth child and kill Kamsa". As per his words Lord Vishnu born as Sri Krishna and killed Kamsan. Krishna helped 'Pancha-pandavas , Arjuna was Krishna's very close friend. He helped them win the war
with Gowrawas . During this war Lord Krishna gave preaches to Arjuna this is called as Bhagavat Gita
Plenty of Krishna Temples are in Tamil Nadu. Each and every Krishna Temple in Tamil Nadu represents Lord Vishnu's Krishna Avatar.
Rajagopala (Krishna) Temple at Mannargudi, Tanjavore
ISKON temples in Tamil Nadu
Kalki Avatar of Lord Vishnu
Kalki Avatar is the tenth and last incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu took this avatar to save us from all of our sins and protect this Kaliugam.
Paritranaya saadunaam vinashayasa dushkrudham dharma samsthaba
narthaya sambavami yuge yuge
This words is in "Bhagavat Gita ", meaning of this words is " Whenever evil took it head over and abolish good things, and destroy the world, I will come and defeat the evil and save the world" .
There is a believe that Kalki avatar of Lord Vishnu will come soon.
More articles: tamilnadu temples
NICE ARTICLE.ONLY SOME SPELLING MISTAKES.WONDERFUL!!!
A very good attempt to give in brief, all the ten incarnations Sriman Narayanan. Though brief ir carries the required information to know about the all ten incarnations. It is a very good attemt to give details of the temple depicting the avatar and gide to reach those temples. A commendable job indeed. S.Nallasivan