Role of Tamilnadu in Freedom Movement
Many great leaders in Tamilnadu played a remarkable part in the struggle for freedom in India. The great leaders like, Puli Thevar, Kattabomman, Maruthu brothers, Velu Thambi played major role in the revolt. They were all noted for their Patriotism, courage, self respect and sacrifice. During the British rule great leaders, poets and social reformers like G.Subramaniya Iyer, V.O.Chidambram Pillai, Subramaniya Bharathi, C.Rajagopalachari, Periyar E.V.Ramasamy, Thiruppur Kumaran, K.Kamaraj and many others had contributed a lot towards the success of our freedom struggle.
Tamilnadu freedom fighter VO Chidambaram Pillai
VO Chidambaram Pillai is remembered by the Tamils as Sekkilutta Semmal, Kappalotiya Tamizhan. He was born in Ottapidaram on September 5, 1872. He started his career as a lawer at Tirunelveli.
He encouraged the formation of Trade Guilds and worker's Association. He was the founder of the Swadesi Dharma Sanga Weaving Association and Swadesi
Co-operative Stores at Tuticorin. He formed the Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company and ran the service between Tuticorin and Colombo
The Partition of Bengal in 1905 had drawn him into politics. He organized Coral mill Strike in the town near the sea shore that resulted in the increase of worker's wages and reduction of working hours. In 1907, he attended the congress sessions held at Surat; where the Congress split into Moderates and Extremists. He followed the militant leader Bala Gangadhar Tilak and preached his philosophy. Charged with sedition, he was sentenced to forty years of imprisonment. He was used as a bullok in pulling the oil press(Chekku). His right leg was chained.
Tamilnadu freedom fighter Subramaniya Siva
Subramaniya Siva was born in Vathalagundu un Dindugal district. He was a freedom fighter and a creative writer. He was arrested many times between 1908 and 1922 for his anti-imperialist activities. While serving his last prison term, he was afflicted by leprosy and was ordered to be shifted to Salem jail. When Siva was unable to walk due to the severity of disease, the British Government enacted a law for Siva, stating that leprosy patient should not travel by rail. As a result of this, Subramaniya Siva travelled the whole length of Madras province on foot though his whole body was covered with sores. Then he eventually died of the disease on 23rd July 1925.
Tamilnadu freedom fighter Subramaniya Bharathiyar
Subramaniya Bharathi was born on Dec. 11, 1882 at Ettayapuram in Tirunelveli District. He worked as Tamil Teacher in 1904 at Madurai. He also served as Assistant Editor of Swadeshimithran in 1904. In 1907 Bharathi participated in the Surat Conference, supported the demand for Swaraj along with Tilak and Aurobindo. In April 1907, he became the editor of Tamil weekly 'India'. At the same time he also edited the English newspaper 'BalaBharatham'.
In Madras, in 1908, he organized a huge public meeting to celebrate 'Swaraj Day'. His poems 'Vande Matharam', 'Entaiyum thayum', 'Jaya Bharatham' were printed and distributed free to the Tamil people. After the World War I, Bharathi entered British India near Cuddalore in November 1918. He was arrested and released after three weeks in custody. Bharathi resumed editorship of Swadshamithren in Madras He passed away on September 11, 1921. Today, more than 90 years later, Subramaniya Bharathi stands an undying symbol not only of a vibrant Tamil nationalism but also of the unity that is India.
Tamilnadu freedom fighter Vanchinathan
Vanchinathan was under the service of the State of Travancore. The activities of the extremists greatly alarmed the British. So the collector Ashe, shot down and killed four persons in Thirunelvelu. So Vanchinathan wanted to take revenge against the Collector. He secretly went to Maniyachi Railway Station and shot dead Ashe on 17th june 1911, and he himself commited suicide. A letter was found in his pocket describing that the act of murder of collector Ashe was the first rehearsal to assassinate King George V who was expected to Madras.
Tamilnadu freedom fighter Thiruppur Kumaran
Tirupur Kumaran (1904-1932) was born in Chennaimalai, Erode District in Tamilnadu. He was a great revolutionary. He participated in the march against the ban on the national flag and he died from injuries sustained from a police assault. Kumaran died holding the flag of the Indian Nationalists. Kumaran is revered as a martyr in Tamilnadu, as is known by the epithet Kodi Katha Kumaran. The government has erected his statue in a park near the railway station in Tiruppur.