Elections of Tamil nadu from 1920 – 2006 and its chief ministers
Fort st George was built in 1639 by British East India Company in the coastal of madras city now named as Chennai. In the process of colonalisation, this fort was elevated to madras presidency in 1684. In the begging, this province was administered by a president who was advised by an executive council in the province administration.
By Indian council act 1861 a legislative council came into existence in 1861 and the members of the council were nominated. This structure was modified by adding members, by the monatagu-chelmsford reforms in 1920, based on diarchy system. In this system the governor has provided with power to reject or cancel any laws passed by provisional councils.
The first legislative council election was held in December 1920
Due to non cooperation movement the Indian national congress boycotted the election. The non-Brahman or justice party won the election with no opposition. A.Subburayalulu reddy, became first chief minister of presidency. The justice party ruled the province for seventeen years.
In 1935 British abolished the diarchy system and introduced bicameral legislative in madras province. Bicameral means having two legislative chambers. This legislature consisted of governed and two legislative bodies. A} the legislative assembly and b} the legislative council.
The first legislative assembly election was held on February 1937
Indian national congress won a majority with 159 seats out of 215 seats. This was the first victory for the presidency since 1920 legislative council election. In 1937 July C.Ragagopalachari became the first congress chief minister of madras. It lasted till 1939 as resigned protesting against Indians participation in Second World War. The presidency came under the direct rule of governor on October 1939 and continued till 1945.
The second legislative assembly was held in 1946 and this was the last election held in the presidency. In 1947 India became independent and presidency named as madras state.
This election was held simultaneously with legislative council elections. Congress won by 163 out of 215 seats. Chief Ministers were 1} T.Prakasam 2} Omandur Ramasamy reddiar 3} P.S.Kumaraswamy raja<.
Madras states, first legislative assembly march 1952
This also knows as 1951 madras state elections. C.Rajagopalachari became the chief minister. In March 31 1954 K.Kamaraj became the chief minister. During this period there were many splits in the party of congress and come others.
The second legislative assembly elections held on 31 march 1957.indian national congress won. K.Kamaraj became chief minister. For next 10 years congress ruled the state.
The third legislative assembly elections were held on 21 February 1962. Indian national congress won. K.Kamaraj became chief minister. In 1963 K.Kamaraj resigned and M.Bhakthavachalam nominated as chief minister. This time, Dravidaer munerra kzhagam emerged as second party by winning 50 seats.
C.N.Annadurai founded DMK on September 17 1949
In 1937-1940, the justice party during its anti-Hindi agitations, it joined with self respect movement led by Periyar E. Ramasamy. On December 29 1938, Periyar became the leader of justice party. On august 27 1944, Periyar, popularly know as Thanthai Periyar, renamed as Dravidar kazhagam. It became a main opposition party for congress. In 1949 it was divided. From Dravidar kazhagam, C.N.Annadurai, one of the followers of Periyar, came out and founded Dravidar munnetra kazhagam in September 17 1949.
The fourth legislative assembly election held in February 1967. The Dravida munnetra kazhagam won the elections. C.N.Annadurai became the chief minister. This is the first time a non-congress person became chief minister. He died in office in 1969 and M.Karunanidh famously kmow as Kalaingar became the chief minister.
Tamil nadu first assembly election after its name change on 10 March 1971
In 1969, the madras state was named as Tamil nadu state. This was the fifth legislative assembly election. Dravida minnetra kazhagam won the election. M. Kaunanidhi became chief minister.
The opposition party was Indian national congress led by K.Kamaraj. Indian national congress led by indira, was aligned with DMK. In 1976 31 January Karunanidhis government was dismissed by the central government of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
Formation of MGR ADMK Part in 1972
During this period M.G.Ramachandran famously know as M.G.R. as great Tamil film hero on those days, was an important person in the Dravida munnetra kazhagam. Who due to some differences in the party came out and founded the Anna diravida munnetra kazhagam in 1972.
The sixth legislative assembly elections held on 10 June 1977. This time Anna dravida munnetra kazhagam won the election. M.G.Ramachandran became the chief minister. The seventh legislative assembly was held on 28 may 1980. It was held two years before the term because the Anna dravida munnetra kazhagm administration was dissolved by the president. However the Anna drivida munnetra kazhagam again won the election. M.G.Ramachandran became the chief minister for the second time.
The eighth assembly elections were held on 24 December 1984. This time to Anna dravida munnetra kazhagam won the elections. For the third time M.G.Ramachadran became the chief minister. He died in office in 1987. His wife Janaki Ramachandran was appointed as chief minister. After the death of MGR the Anna Dravida munnetra kazhagam split in to two divisions. One led by Janaki his wife and another by J,Jayalalitha.
The ninth assembly election held on 21 January 1989. The Dravida munnetra kazhagam won the election. For the third time K.Karunanidhi became the chief minister. It was dismissed by prime minister P.C.Chandra sekar in 31 January 1991.
The tenth assembly election was held on 24 June 1990. This time Anna dravida munnetra kazhagam won the election. Jayalalitha becomes the first chief minister.
The eleventh assembly election was held on 2 may 1996. The Dravida munnetra kazhagam won the election. For the fourth time K.Karunanidhi became chief minister. In 1993 there was a split in Dravida munnetra kazhagam. V.Gopalasamy a party activist came and started Marumalarchi dravida munnetra kazhagam.
The twelfth assembly election was held on May 10 2001. All India Anna dravida munnetra kazhagam won the election. This leader of AIADMK was in some allegations she appointed o.panneer selvam as chief minister. In 2 march 2002 for the second time J.Jayalalitha became the chief minister of Tamil nadu.
The thirteenth assembly elections was held on may 8 2006. Dravida munnetra kazhagam won the election. For the fifth time kalaingar karunanidhi became the chef minister of Tamil nadu.
The fourteenth assembly election is to be in 2011. The results will be put up once they are announced.