The dyeing and bleaching units in Tirupur creates more pollutions in the city and other places of Tamil Nadu
Tirupur is very famous city and a district in Tamil Nadu having more textile units, which produces various cloths and exports the cloths to various countries. There are many dyeing and bleaching units in Tirupur, which makes much process to manufacture the cotton and textile products. The output of the dyeing and bleaching units are connected to the Noyyal River in Tirupur. This wastage output of the units creates more pollution in the city and also affects the drinking waters. The agricultural lands are also affected while pouring the polluted water from the river. There are more than ten thousand hectors of agricultural lands are affected by the polluted river water in various places of Tamil Nadu. It also creates many diseases and skin problems to the human beings those who are using the polluted water.
The Madras High Court has ordered the closure of all dyeing and bleaching units in Tirupur
The Madras High Court has ordered one week before to close all dyeing and bleaching units in Tirupur, which generates a fifth of India's textile exports. The move would affect around 720 dyeing and bleaching units in Tirupur and also affect the life of 40,000-50,000 workers those who have got employment by this units. Further, there is also an estimated loss of Rupees 50 crores per day. On Friday, the bench was hearing a contempt petition on the pollution of Noyyal River flowing through Tirupur. It observed that the dyeing units were polluting the river and could not function until zero discharge was achieved.
The public interest in legal action against the units was filed way back in the year 1996 and sought directions from the high court for a pollution-free Noyyal river. The petitioner who filed it said that the dyeing and bleaching units are discharging industrial sewages into the river, making the water out of condition for irrigation and other purposes. Despite several orders for closure from the Madras High Court, no steps were taken, which led to the filing of the present contempt petition, the petitioner said.
The comments of textile business men in Tirupur 'No Tirupur without dyeing factories'
A Sakthivel, President of the Tirupur Exporters Association (TEA) said that "I cannot comment on the court order. But this would bring Tirupur to a standstill and would cause a loss of around Rs 50 crore per day to the industry. We have just come out of the yarn problem and now this has cropped up. Around 50,000 workers would be affected," and the "Exports would also take a beating because of this move." He also urged the state and central government to consider the seriousness of this issue and come forward to bail out the units.
N Murali, Tirupur Exporters and Manufacturers Association vice-president and Rajshree Exports managing director told that The court strictly instructed the closure of these units and also directed the state pollution control board to initiate criminal prosecution of units which fail to rectify defects leading to pollution. "There is no Tirupur without dyeing factories," . He said it is not possible to comply with zero-level discharge as even the ground water and well water contains some salt. There are around 5,000 units in Tirupur engaged in various activities related to knitwear exports employing more than four lakh workers. The city is host to a number of knitwear export firms. "The industry is already struggling with high production cost due to 100% increase in cotton prices and 70% increase in cotton yarn prices in the last one year. The euro and dollar fluctuations have also been hitting us badly. Now this closure of all dyeing units will further dent our future," he added.
In the mean while, TheIndustry veteran and Tirupur Exporter's Association general secretary G Karthikeyan said that the dying and bleaching units are very essential to the textile business in Tirupur.The city itself would become idle without any dyeing activity in progress for the business purpose and also he told that "We are facing many problems, which has never been faced by the business people and the textile industry in Tirupur so far. There are nearly about 10 lakh peoples living in Tirupur would be affected because of this action. The whole city of Tirupur is dependent on export activity. K Krishnan, secretary of Dyeing Association of Tirupur have expressed his view and told that "All the running dyeing units in Tirupur have 'consent to operate' by the certificate received from Tamil Nadu pollution control board,Chennai. But the court wants a more appropriate certificate to prove zero-level discharge. We will plan our action after receiving the complete judgment copy from the High court of Chennai."
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