The History, Profile and Location of the Mettur Dam
The Mettur Dam is a very large and oldest dam India. The Mettur Dam is located across the river Cauvery in the place of Mettur which belongs to Salem District of Tamil Nadu in India. The dam had a long history from the year 1834 to the year 1934.The construction work of the Mettur dam was commenced in the year 1925, 20th of July and the entire work was completed and opened for irrigation by the Governor of Madras, his Excellency Sir George Stanley on 21st August, 1934.The Mettur Dam is also one of the largest dams in the world and it is an invaluable asset to Tamil Nadu and India. The total length of the dam is 1700 meters long. The structure of the dam was designed by a British Engineer Mr.Ellis.The whole construction was done under the control of a British Engineer Mr.Mullings, who he was the chief Engineer of the entire project. The Maximum height of the dam is 214 feet and it has total area of around 16300 Square miles.
The Mettur Dam is a tourist place which attracts many peoples of our country
The Mettur Dam is one of the best tourist places in Tamil Nadu.The dam created a famous Reservoir also known as Stanley Reservoir which is attracted by many peoples. It was constructed in a ravine, where the River Kaveri enters the plains. The Hydro Electrical power project of the Mettur dam is also quite large and it has good Power station known as THERMAL. Many students from Colleges and Schools are visiting to this station to see the Power project. The Upstream from the dam is Hogenakal Falls and it is a very famous tourist place in Tamil Nadu. The dam also has a wonderful Park for the children to play. More peoples will assemble here for their celebrations during the festival times like Pongal, Deepavali, and Aadi 18.
The Water capacity and Electric Power generation capacity of the Mettur Dam
The maximum level of water storage capacity of the dam is 120 feet including the clay storage of 20 feet and also referred as the maximum capacity of storage is 93.4 TMC. The Dam's installed capacity for Hydro Electric Power generation is 32 Mega Watts.
The total Irrigation facilities of the Mettur Dam in Tamil Nadu
The Mettur dam irrigates the agricultural land about 1,310 square kilometers each year. It provides irrigation facilities to a part of Salem District, the entire length of Erode District, Namakkal District, Karur District, Tiruchirappali District and Thanjavur District for about 271,000 acres (1,100 km²) of farm land. It is the only source as the largest reservoir in the state Tamil Nadu and it also has the responsibility for stabilization of irrigation of cauvery build including Thanjavur delta, which is known as "Rice bowl of Tamil Nadu".
The sources of water flow for the Mettur dam and problems in receiving water from Karnataka State
The river Cauvery is the only source of incoming water facility to Mettur Dam. But the Mettur Dam has acknowledged notice of the public during the recent past years because of the Cauvery water dispute between the States of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The Mettur Dam does not receive adequate water during summer seasons due to the consequent building of dams, including the Kabini Dam, across the Kaveri River in Karnataka. Thus, the Dam nearly goes dry during the period, when water is most needed by the farmers and general public of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. This issue has created various problems and tensions between the neighboring States of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Recently, The Kaveri Water Tribunal Committee has given some suggestion to solve the problem and the tribunal passed a verdict. It tells about to give 419 TMC of water to Tamil Nadu, 270 TMC of water to Karnataka, 50 TMC of water to Kerala and 7 TMC of water to Pondicherry.
The Diamond jubilee celebrations of the Mettur Dam in Tamil Nadu
The Mettur Dam had celebrated its Diamond jubilee celebrations on 21st August, 1994 at the age of 60 years. Various Ministers from the state government and Central government had participated in the Diamond jubilee celebrations. It tells us about it provided the source of water for the past 60 years and still continuing the service to the community. The Mettur dam is flexible to present policy of combining irrigation benefits with Hydro Electric Power facilities, with a maximum of 360 Mega Watt power would be obtained, the minimum level of power generation would be based on the conditions of each summer season.
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