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History of Tamil Nadu / Cholas, Pallavas,Pandyas Kingdom in Tamilnadu
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History of Tamil Nadu
History of Tamil Nadu
dates back about 6000 years and the origin of Tamil people are linked with Aryan invasion theory. People believe this
Aryan invasion theory
support Tamils belong to the Dravidian race and were part of the early Indus Valley settlers. After Aryan culture invasion the Dravidian people entered Deep South parts and settled there. Nowadays the Indian states including Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are following the
Ancient History of Tamil Nadu
History of Tamil Nadu - Cholas Kingdom in Tamilnadu
Ancient History of Tamil Nadu is from 1st to 9th centuries
was in Tamil Nadu state between 1st and 4th centuries. Karikala Chola was the first and very popular king in Chola dynasty. The Dam called Kallanai across the Cauvery River in Tamilnadu was built by
considered to be an engineering wonder of that time.
The Cholas ruled Thanjavur and Tiruchirapalli districts of Tamilnadu, not only in Tamilnadu, Chola kingdom was influenced upto
in the south region and thousands of kilometers across the northern region. Chola kingdom plays major role in ancient history of Tamil Nadu.
During Cholas periods the Chola kings build beautiful temples in tamilnad.
in Tamilnadu is also called Big temple of Tanjore (Big temple Thanjavur) is the live example of the excellent
architecture of the Chola kingdom
. This temple Tamilnadu explains Ancient History of Tamil Nadu.
In the middle of 4th century, Pallavas ruled in Tamilnadu, they built marvelous temple. Major parts of Tamilnadu were ruled by
with Kanchipuram as capital of pallavas. During 6th century Pallvas defeated the Cholas and ruled Sri Lanka.
History of Tamil Nadu – Pallava Kingdoms in Tamilnadu
The very popular Pallava kings in Ancient History of Tamil were
and his son
. They built several temples expressing
. According to the History of Tamil Nadu, the last Pallava King was Aparajitha. The chola king
defeated Aparajitha at the end of 9th century.
History of Tamil Nadu – Cholas Kingdoms in Tamilnadu
During 9th to 14th centuries the Cholas again came for power in South India.The chola king
and his son
extended their rule to central India , Orissa and some parts of West Bengal.
Ancient History of Tamil shows that in 9 th century Rajaraja Chola captured the eastern
by defeating the Cheras and he ruled some parts in srilanka by defeating the Pandyas. The great chola king Rajendra Chola showed his power of rule beyond the
andaman and Nicobar islands
, Lakshadweep, Sumatra, Java, Malaya and Pegu island.
, the king of Bihar and Bengal was defeated by Rajendra Chola. To make this victory as visual he built a new capital called
. Tamil history states that after 13th century Chola kingdom started loosing their power of rule in Tamilnadu.
After cholas, during 14th century
again emerged the power of rule in Tamilnadu, But the life of this pandya kinfdom was short then Muslim
invaders from the north in 1316.
History of Tamil Nadu – Bahmani Kingdoms in Tamilnadu
The tamil history states that later
was completely destroyed along with Chola and Pandya dynasties destruction. Then
was established in the northern Decca of Tamilnadu.
After Bahmani Kingdom there was a great change in tamil history, Hindus start to build a powerful new kingdom, called the
History of Tamil Nadu – Rule of Vijayanagara empire
This Vijayanagara empire had all the strongholds of Cholas, cheras , pandyas and other local Hindu rulers to check the Muslims. Vijayanagara Empire formed Governors called Nayaks were put to run different territories of the empire. Among these different ancient kingdoms in Tamilnadu, the Vijayanagar Empire was the most
powreful dynasty in the south region
History of Tamil Nadu – Battle of Talikota
But unfortunately in 1564 there was Talikota battle between Vijayanagar empire and Deccan sultans,finally
won in the battle of Talikota.
The empire, dismantled into different places in south India and the power was given to the hands of Nayaks. The ruling parties of Tamil Country were
which was peaceful and prosperous. The Nayaks of Madurai and Thanjavur reconstructed some of the
oldest temples in Tamilnadu
Tholkaapiam\Tamil epic Tholkaapiam\Tamil epics
History Of Tamil Language
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