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Tamilnadu culture & festivals
Kolam – a famous ritual in Tamilnadu | Kolam Designs | Pongal Kolam Designs| Rangoli
Posted Date: 25-Jun-2010
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This resource provides information on the Kolam ritual that is followed in Tamilnadu.
Kolam – a famous ritual in Tamilnadu
is the well known for the
Creating kolam designs
in front of the house in the morning time has become one of the most
important traditions of our Tamilnadu state
. The kolam is made with the help of the powder of the rice flour. The kolam is popular in the
southern parts of the India
. Mostly this art is performed in the
Kerala and Tamilnadu
. This is common among the
Hindu people of Tamilnadu
who are residing in the
. In most of the cases the female members who are present in the house draw this
in front of the house. The kolam designs constructed gives glory to the family and the
is poured. There are usually
two types of kolam in Tamilnadu
and the kolam which is drawn with the help of the colors. The below image shows the kolam with the
perfect colors and beautifully designed
This is the image of the kolam that is not given color but looks extremely extraordinary. The beauty of the image can be measured based on the
color and the colorless kolams in Tamilnadu
. It is purely based on how perfectly it is designed.
How to create the Kolam powder
There are some certain methods to create
Kolam powder in Tamilnadu
. The kolam powder is mostly prepared with the help of the rice flour by the house wife and the
grandmother in the house
. This kolam powder can be made in house itself or it can be made from the powdering machines that are available in the shops. There are also
kolam powders available in the shops in Tamilnadu
. They make the
readymade kolam powders
and pack them and sell them. There are certain procedures to be followed if the
is made in the house itself.
Following are the steps to prepare the
kolam powder in the house
Buy the rice flour from the shop and it can also be some
low quality rice
that we are going to use for the
creation of the Kolam powder in Tamilnadu
should be put into water and kept inside water for nearly one hour.
After one hour you can find that the
gets loosen up.
wet Rice particles
are taken and grinded in the mixer or in a grinder.
powdered particles of the rice
are taken and that is poured in a cloth or in a sheet to dry. If the cloth is used for drying then the drying process will be very fast.
is then taken to the sun for the drying purpose.
is taken and contained in a box.
This is the
preparation process of Kolam Flour
that is used in the Tamilnadu for
drawing beautiful kolam designs
in front of the house.
Creating color powder for the kolam
is also one of the
important parts of the Kolam design
kolam color powder in Tamilnadu
is bought from the shops. There are almost all the colors available in the shops and they are collected from the shop. The color powder cannot be added to the
coloring part of the kolam
just like that fully. The color powder is taken and it is mixed with the fine sand particles.
is mixed with the very minute sand particles because if the whole color powder is applied to the kolam that does not give a good glow. Some of the ladies mix the color powder with the
white Kolam flour
but that will not give a good glow. There will be white patches everywhere if the color is applied. It is not advisable to
create color powder
by adding the colors to the
. It is good if you add the color to the sand to get the good glow.
Some people put the color directly in the kolam without mixing it with anything. This will also create
patches in the kolam
that won't look good.
Importance of the Kolam in Tamilnadu
Kolam is considered to be one of the
important and sacred rituals in Tamilnadu
that is done in every morning in front of the house in order to bring the prosperity to the house and the family. There are many reasons on why this particular ritual is performed in the house. It can also be said that the kolam that is drawn in front of the house can help to drive away the
from the house.
With the help of this
that is drawn in front of the house the bad powers are driven away and the protection is done to the house by the
Hindu Goddess Lakshmi
. Every day the
is brought to the house for the
prosperity of the house
with the help of the Kolam.
female of the house
performs this line drawing in front of the house daily. Even though they are busy with some work in the house they don't forget to make this
in front of the house daily. If they are extremely busy they make it very small but it will be definitely done.
When are these Kolam gaining importance?
Tamilnadu is famous
for the rituals and the festivals. To tell the exact fact the Kolam gains the specialty during the special occasions and the festivals in the house. In the festival season the
very big kolam design
is drawn in front of the house. During the festival time there will be lots of ladies gathered in the hindu family and all the girls and the ladies sit together and make a plan on what
type of the kolam
is going to be drawn. After the planning is done they start the execution process.
In the management term it can also be told as the
. They plan among themselves on what to be done and who is going to take the
and who is going to take the coloring part. This is definitely done as the group work by splitting the work. The
is given based on what is necessary to the kolam.
Kolam designing procedure
The kolam designing procedure is also an
art in Tamilnadu.
In management studies some terms are maintained and all those terms are used in this particular
kolam designing in Tamilnadu
. The following are the steps and terms that are used in the designing part of the kolam in a particular house during the special occasion.
• Group Discussion
Group discussion phase of Koalm design
The group discussion step involves the step in which the ladies of the house plan on what to be done and which
type of kolam
should be constructed. In this group discussion step the ladies also split the work among them so that the work is split and done easily. This is one of the
time conservation processes.
Analysis phase of Kolam design
In this particular step the
Grandmother of the house
and the old ladies of the house make an analysis on which type of the kolam is to be chosen and which kolam design can be implemented and they also plan on giving the color to the kolam.
Coloring the kolam
is the most important step because that will only help in giving good look to the kolam. Patterns are also drawn in a paper and finalized.
Design phase of Kolam design
In the designing procedure the ladies sit and think what on how the designing should be made. The previous day night the ladies sit together and give a rough sketch for the kolam that they are going to draw. The extra views and the ideas are also given by the youngsters. Sometimes the man of the family gives some suggestions regarding the
Implementation phase of Kolam design
In the implementation step the kolam is planned to be drawn in a particular floor. Then the ladies start up with the
kolam implementation work
. They just put some small points in the sequencial manner which is called as the
Pulli in Tamil
which means dots. This is used for the easy creation of the kolam. The
specialty of the pulli kolam
is that the kolam can be started and completed by anyone. Usually if a work is started by any person it should only be completed by that particular person but in the case of the
that can be finished by any person because everything comes under the same idea. Then the coloring part is also done so that the appropriate color is chosen and it is given accordingly.
Testing phase of Kolam design
In the testing procedure the men of the house are called for some suggestions and the grandmother of the house is called to make some suggestions regarding the
design and the color combination
. If any changes can be made then it is made and the modifications are implemented. This procedure is called as the
testing strategy of the kolam design
. In the testing procedure the proper testing is also made on the criteria that the design is made as planned or not and if possible some of the good modifications can be made.
Maintenance phase of Kolam design
This step involves the giving of the
perfect glow to the kolam
that is constructed. The kolam is ultimately given the best outfit by giving the final coating to the outline after the coloring part is over. The main important thing is that the
is made on the wet sand so that the colors are giving a good glow and the colors and the
sticks to the ground and it cannot be removed very easily. The kolam is also protected from the others so that they don't stamp on the kolam or involve in activity of destroying the kolam. The
glow of the kolam
persists till the next day morning.
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