Pongal Festival In Tamilnadu - details about South Indian Culture, Rituals, Traditions

This article gives few information about Bhogi Pongal, Thai Pongal, Mattu Pongal, kaanum Pongal and JalliKattu.

Pongal Festival

Tamil festival Pongal Festival

Pongal festival or Thai Pongal festival is celebrated by Tamilians across the world. Pongal festival is the main and one of the most important festivals in Tamilnadu. Pongal festival sometimes referred as Harvesting festival. The Significance of the festival is to thank the nature which gives the prosperity to them. Pongal festival is dedicated to Sun God Surya.

All the Tamils do white wash to their houses just before the Pongal Festival. Pongal festival is also called as Thamizhar Thirunal. Pongal is celebrated in the Tamil Month of Thai. Thai month is very important month in Tamil Calender. "Thai Piranthal Vazhi Pirakkum" is normally referred by Tamils.

Pongal festival is a four day festival.
Day 1 of Pongal festival – Bhogi Pongal
Day 2 of Pongal festival – Thai Pongal
Day 3 of Pongal festival – Mattu Pongal
Day 4 of Pongal festival – Kaanum Pongal / Thiruvalluvar day

Bhogi Festival

The first day of the Pongal Festival is Bhogi festival. Bhogi festival is celebrated the last day of Tamil month Maargazhi (13-January). This day is starting day of grand Pongal festival. This day is dedicated to God Indiran, who is the ruler of Clouds which give us rain. People clean out their home completely will throw all their old and unwanted things from their home and burn in a common place and will dance by praising the god.

Bhogi Festival

Motto of the Bhogi festival is "Pazhaiyana Kazhithalum and Puthiyana Puguthalum" (Discard the old things and focus on new things)

Thai Pongal Festival

The Second day of the Pongal festival is Thai Pongal. Pongal festival is the four day festival. Pongal festival falls on first day of Tamil Month "Thai" (14-January). Thai Pongal festival is celebrated by boiling the freshly harvested rice with fresh milk and Jaggery in decorated new pots. This boiling rice will take during sun rise. Everyone shout "Pongalo Pongal" during this time. The boiled rice is offered firstly to Sun God and later it served to everyone in the house.


During this day People will exchange their greetings by giving the different variety of Sweets. All the Young people will be given a gift and blessings from their parents and grand parents during this day. Everyone's house will be decorated by beautiful and Colorful Kolams. Kolam is nothing but a form painting which is drawn by using the rice powder in front the home.


Kolam 2

Mattu Pongal

The third day of the Pongal festival is Mattu Pongal.

Mattu Pongal

Mattu Pongal is mostly celebrated in rural area. Cattle / Cows / Bulls are most important for farmers for Agricultural purpose. This day is celebrated to thank the Cattle / Cow / Bulls for their hard work through out the year. All the cattle / bulls are given bath and painted their horns. People will offer the newly cooked rice to Cattle and bulls and pray to them.


Jallikattu is one kind sport which is played during the Pongal celebrations. Jallikattu is one of the oldest sports. Jallikattu sometimes refer as Manju Virattu(Chasing the bull).


Bulls horns will be tied with bundles of money and younger age men it will be allowed freely in the ground. Younger men will try to retrieve the money by fighting with bulls. Alanganallur near to Madurai is very famous for Jallikattu.Aviniapuram, Palemedu (near to Madurai), many villages in Pudukkottai, Sivaganga, Madurai, Trichy, Thanjavur and Theni districts are very famous for JalliKattu

Kaanum Pongal

The last of the Pongal celebrations is Kaanum Pongal. During this day, people will go to their relative homes and will exchange their happiness. In Urban areas, people will go out places like Beach, theme parks with their families to enjoy the whole day. Kaanum Pongal will also call as Thiruvalluvar day who is the Icon Tamil.

All the four are Government Holidays in Tamil Nadu

Related Articles

Tamilnadu Festivals - Important Fairs and Festivals celebrated in Tamilnadu

This resource gives you important details about the fairs and festivals in Tamilnadu. In this resource I have given a brief desciption about each festival. You can get details about The Harvest Festival 'Pongal', Chithirai Festival at Madurai, Dance Festivals At Mamallapuram, Natyanjali Dance Festival at Chidambaram, Skanda Sashti Vizha, Karthika Peruvizha at Tiruvannamalai, The Aurbathimoovar Festival, Mahamagam Festival at Kumbakonam. Read the article and get to know about the festivals of Tamilnadu.

Happy Tamil New Year 2013 Celebrations with special tamil festival recipes

Give a good start to the new beginning of Tamil New year 2013 with delicious Tamil New Year Recipes like Pal Payasam, Parupu Poli, Mango pachadi, Dal Vada and Vepampoo Pachadi. Read the below article to know how to prepare these dishes with simple ingredients that can be found at home. Enjoy these tasty dishes.

Online information about Pongal Festival in Tamilnadu

In this article, I will explain about the Pongal Festival of Tamilnadu which is one of the best festival of Tamilnadu. This festival is the harvesting festival of Tamil. You can get more information about this Pongal Festival. Read this article to know more about this.

More articles: tamilnadu festivals Pongal festival festival recipes Tamilnadu culture


No responses found. Be the first to comment...

  • Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic.
  • No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed.
  • This is a strictly moderated site. Absolutely no spam allowed.
  • Name: