Coordinates: 13°05′N 80°16′E / 13.09°N 80.27°E / 13.09; 80.27
Largest city: Chennai
Governor: Surjit Singh Barnala
Chief Minister: M. Karunanidhi
Deputy Chief Minister: M. K. Stalin
Legislature (seats): Unicameral (235)
• Density 66,396,000 (7th)
• 511 /km2 (1,323 /sq mi)
Official languages: Tamil
Established in 1773
Madras State was the name by which the Indian state of Tamil Nadu was known from January 26, 1950 till 1968. Initially, Madras State also included coastal parts of modern-day Andhra Pradesh, northern Kerala (Malabar) and Bellary and Dakshin Kannada districts of Karnataka. It was reduced to its present extent by 1956.
It was subsequently split up along linguistic lines in 1953. Under the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the States of Kerala and Mysore were carved out of the Madras state. In August 1968, Madras State was renamed as Tamil Nadu.
Tamil Nadu தமிழ் நாடு,is one of the 28 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai (formerly known as Madras). Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the States of Puducherry (Pondicherry), Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. It is bound by the Eastern Ghats in the north, the Nilgiri, the Anamalai Hills, and Palakkad on the west, by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Gulf of Mannar, the Palk Strait in the south east, and by the Indian Ocean in the south.
Tamil Nadu is the eleventh largest state in India by area (about the size of Greece) and the seventh most populous state.It is the fifth largest contributor to India's GDP and the most urbanised state in India.The state has the highest number (10.56%) of business enterprises in India, compared to the population share of about 6%. It is one of the foremost states in the country in terms of overall development.
The region has been the home of the Tamil civilization since at least 1500 BC, as attested by numerous archeological sites in and around Adichanallur. Its classical language Tamil has been in use in inscriptions and literature for 2500 years. Tamil Nadu is home to many natural resources, grand Hindu temples of Dravidian architecture, hill stations, beach resorts, multi-religious pilgrimage sites and eight UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Tamil Nadu in Independent India
Governance and administration
Education and social development
Language and literature
Arts and dance
Textile, Automobile and Heavy Industries
Electronics and Software Industry
Food and Beverage Industry